Tag Archives: humane education

Ontario’s Farm Animal Sanctuaries

Well, it’s been a while since my last post… Life (and my dissertation!) got in the way, but I’d like to get back to it. I’ve been researching Ontario’s farm animal sanctuaries lately– mainly because I would like to start one myself in the near future.

One that I have actually visited is called the Donkey Sanctuary of Canada, near Guelph: http://www.thedonkeysanctuary.ca/ 

They do wonderful work for animals that are often forgotten about. They also offer humane education programs for children and school classes– a wonderful idea of a field trip! Educational programs like the Donkey Sanctuary’s are key ways in which children will learn about suffering and compassion, cruelty and love.

Another important part of their mission is advocacy, as is the case with many animal sanctuaries. In their “Animals and the Law” section, they offer a nice breakdown of the problems with Canada’s current criminal code, under which animal cruelty is prosecuted:

Canadian animal welfare organizations, on behalf of the country’s citizens, have been calling on the federal government to amend animal cruelty sections of the Criminal Code of Canada for more than 25 years. Bill after bill has been introduced in Parliament, but the Section remains unchanged, save for a limited modification in 2008 to the penalties for animal cruelty. In spite of this lack of substantive action on the part of Parliament, 76% of Canadians continue to support changing the law so that animal cruelty crimes are no longer treated as property crimes. It is important than animals be protected because they can suffer and not just because someone owns them. Increasing the penalties was note enough; parliamentarians must finish the job of bringing animal cruelty laws out of the 19th Century.

Well, this is the first of a few great sanctuaries I’d like to profile. Stay tuned for more!


Zoe Weil answers the question, “What is humane education?”

These definitions are taken from a recent blog post of Weil’s. For the complete post, go here: http://zoeweil.com/2013/06/06/what-is-humane-education-8-answers/

girl holding globe of earth

1. Humane education is based on the premise that if we address the root system underlying all other systems—schooling—we can transform unjust and unsustainable systems wherever they occur and solve the challenges we face in the world.

2. Humane education is a field of study that explores the connections between all forms of oppression and exploitation—whether to people, animals, or the environment—and seeks to inspire solutions that are healthy for all.

3. Humane education helps students put core values of kindness, empathy, generosity, respect, responsibility, and integrity into practice in a complex, globalized world in which our daily choices affect people, animals, and ecosystems across the planet.

4. Humane education cultivates critical and creative thinking and problem-solving so that complicated issues are perceived in all their complexity, and answers to persistent challenges are addressed holistically.

5. As Matt Hummel, a student in our graduate program, said, “Humane education answers the questions nobody is asking.”

6. Humane education turns students into solutionaries who are knowledgeable and empowered to ensure that the systems within their future professions are just, sustainable, and compassionate.

7. Humane education is itself humane: engaging, inspiring, exciting, meaningful, and relevant to students’ lives and futures.

8. Humane education is the best hope for a healthy and peaceful world.

Teaching children empathy

One of the most fundamental ways to create nonviolent communities is to start early– that is, with early childhood education. Based in Toronto, Seeds of Empathy (http://www.seedsofempathy.org/) is an organization that does exactly that. Their mission, in the words of Founder/President Mary Gordon, is as follows:

Empathy is the ultimate human trait. It is the connective tissue that allows us to realize our shared humanity – our emotions. One of the milestones of the last century was Neil Armstrong’s walk on the moon. He said “that’s one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind.” It is our hope that in this century we will learn to walk in one another’s shoes– empathy.

Working with early childhood educators, Seeds of Empathy uses literacy training as a means of teaching children ages 3-5 to identify feelings in others. They describe their program in this way:

We teach a series of themes, each on a three-week cycle. During the first and second weeks of each cycle, Literacy Coaches (specially-trained staff members from the [Early Childhood Education] Centre) read and discuss books with small groups of children. In the third week, a Family Guide (another specially-trained staff member) hosts a Family Visit, where a baby (two to four months old at the beginning of the course) and his/her parent(s) visit the children in the Centre for half an hour. The Family Guide encourages the children to observe the baby’s development, to label the baby’s feelings, and to talk about their own feelings and those of others.

Seeds of Empathy is an off-shoot of a larger international organization (also based in Toronto) called Roots of Empathy (http://www.rootsofempathy.org/), one that attempts to reduce levels of aggression (eg. bullying) among schoolchildren by increasing empathy and “raising social/emotional competence”. Their experiential approach to education is fascinating, and the following discussion of emotional literacy (found on their website) does a good job at explaining how real-life interaction leads to mental and social growth in children:

At the heart of the program are a neighbourhood infant and parent who visit the classroom every three weeks over the school year. A trained Roots of Empathy Instructor coaches students to observe the baby’s development and to label the baby’s feelings. In this experiential learning, the baby is the “Teacher” and a lever, which the instructor uses to help children identify and reflect on their own feelings and the feelings of others. This “emotional literacy” taught in the program lays the foundation for more safe and caring classrooms, where children are the “Changers”. They are more competent in understanding their own feelings and the feelings of others (empathy) and are therefore less likely to physically, psychologically and emotionally hurt each other through bullying and other cruelties. In the Roots of Empathy program children learn how to challenge cruelty and injustice. Messages of social inclusion and activities that are consensus building contribute to a culture of caring that changes the tone of the classroom. The Instructor also visits before and after each family visit to prepare and reinforce teachings using a specialized lesson plan for each visit. Research results from national and international evaluations of Roots of Empathy indicate significant reductions in aggression and increases in pro-social behaviour.

A fascinating organization, and a very worthwhile endeavour.

Canadian Empathy Awards

I just found out about these Awards because I’ve recently started following the work of Jo-Anne McArthur (Toronto). She founded the We Animals project (http://www.weanimals.org/), a photographic documentary of contemporary human-animal relationships (it has also been published as a book- below is a photo from the “Animal Fairs” section).

McArthur received the first annual Canadian Empathy Award in the area of “Arts”. See her description of it here: http://www.onegreenplanet.org/lifestyle/celebrating-compassion-the-canadian-empathy-awards/

We Animals was featured in the forthcoming documentary The Ghosts in Our Machine (http://www.theghostsinourmachine.com/), directed by Liz Marshall. Here is what Marshall has to say about the film:

I have made a number of films that have taken me around the globe to witness stark realities, injustice, hope, and to meet inspiring change-makers. I’ve focused primarily on human rights issues, and the environment. Making this film has profoundly tweaked my moral compass – differently.

THE GHOSTS IN OUR MACHINE is a journey of discovery into what is a complex social dilemma. In essence, humans have cleverly categorized non-human animals into three parts: domesticated pets, wildlife, and the ones we don’t like to think about: the ghosts in our machine. Why do we value wildlife and our companion animals but not the billions of animals bred and used by global industries? It is this core question that prompted me to delve deeply and explore this subject matter. The Ghosts In Our Machine  follows acclaimed animal photographer Jo-Anne McArthur over the course of a year – I chose Jo-Anne as the protagonist because her mission is a sympathetic entry-point into the animal question, and her powerful photographs invite us to consider non-human animals as individuals.

As a filmmaker my heart is fully engaged but I am also critically removed, looking through glass – examining the angles, the light and the meaning of the greater story. My greatest desire is to create an experience for audiences, one that inspires consciousness. Through story, sound and picture I hope people will see animals differently – forever.

As consumers we can all make a difference for the ghosts, each and everyday.

For the Ghosts,
Jo-Anne McArthur has started a humane education program in Toronto– from what I know it is the first of it’s kind in the city. For more information, here is the link: http://www.humaneeducation.ca/why.htm